the SPIRITUALITY place
BUDDHISM...CHRISTIANTIY...GODDESS...HINDUISM...ISLAM...JUDAISM...KWANZAA...NATIVE PEOPLES...SHINTOISM...TAOISM....INDEPENDENT SPIRITUAL PATHS...UNKNOWN and ALL OTHERS
THE MANY PATHS
1 Right Views
2 Right Resolve
3 Right Speech
4 Right Conduct
BUDDHA - Born Prince Siddharta Gautama, known as The Enlightened One. Became "awakened" while meditating under a fig tree (Pipal) also called Bo tree from Bodhi, which means enlightenment. The Four Noble Truths and subsequent Eightfold Path were the result of his quests for insight. This opened the pathway to spiritual improvement and the knowledge that this could come in one lifetime if an individual walks the path to inner understanding and ultimate truth.
FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS
"BE A LIGHT UNTO YOURSELF, A REFUGE UNTO YOURSELF"
5 Right Livelihood
6 Right Effort
7 Right Mindfulness
8 Right Concentration
1 SORROW - all the world is sorrow and suffering
2 SUFFERING - stems from craving the pleasures of life
3 END TO SUFFERING - can come only by ending craving
4 WAY TO END CRAVING - found in the Eightfold Path
Sent to Earth to benefit mankind
Everything comes from this One, Divine Source
Father, Son, Holy Ghost
Son of God
ENVISIONS A PERSONAL GOD WHO KNOWS AND LOVES EACH ONE OF US
AND THE LIGHT"
BRAHMAN - the Supreme Being
VISHNU - the Preserver
SHIVA - the Destroyer
BHAGAVAD GITA - a poem featuring Krishna teaching
the way to harmonious spiritual life to Arjuna, a warrior
chief; concerns ethics, love, illusion
MAHABHARATA - a treasured epic. It has been
called the sum of all Righteousness
KRISHNA - a Vishnu incarnate
TEACHINGS: The Vedas The Upanishads The Bhagavad Gita The Mahabharata
ALLAH - GOD
There is no God but God and
Mohammed is his prophet
HOLY BOOK: Koran, Quran
1. BELIEF - Moslems declare acceptance of God and Mohammed as his prophet; they
3. ALMSGIVING - Charity, voluntary or as a tithe, purifies man's remaining wealth.
2. PRAYER - At dawn, noon, late afternoon, sunset, and after nightfall Moslems face Mecca in salah,
5. PILGRIMAGE - All should make one hajj to Mecca. The trip assembles Moslems from afar, boosts
4. FASTING - Going without food bends minds to spiritual nourishment, brings man nearer God.
MOHAMMED - prophet,
messenger of God
MECCA - birthplace of
Mohammed & focus of the faith
count the Koran God's word and angels instruments of his will.
ritual prayer. Ablutions - with sand if no water is available - precede these devotions.
brotherhood and the exchange of ideas.
THE FIVE PILLARS OF FAITH
THE TALMUD SPEAKS OF THREE CENTRAL PRINCIPLES IN LIFE:
1. TORAH or learning - The love of learning - education, community responsibility. It is a way of life synonymous with learning, wisdom, love of God. Without it life has neither meaning nor value.
2. Service of God - God is to be worshiped out of love, never fear. Love the Lord and fulfill his commands.
3. The Performance of Good Deeds or Charity - Genuine Charity that stems from the heart. True charity is anonymous and grows out of a geniune sense of compassion. Philanthropy. Kindness.
The TALMUD consists of sixty-three books of legal, ethical and historical writings of the ancient rabbis. It is a compendium of law & lore; is the major textbook of Jewish schools.
Collective WORK & RESPONSIBILITY
INDEPENDENT SPIRITUAL PATHS
Wicca, Reiki etc.
There are OTHER PATHS to consider for all those
who seek outside the established organizations.
This listing is by no means complete and does not
suggest ANY one path over the over, but rather
confirms that there are MANY CHOICES. As we
become more spiritual as a people, we will be more
accepting of whatever path leads to SPIRITUALITY.
OTHER, INDEPENDENT or UNKNOWN PATHS
Shinto has no canon of written scriptures. It is based on ANIMISM, an attribution of
Koshitsu- Shinto standing for the Shinto of the Imperial House. General term for rites the emperor performs.
Shuha- Two categories: Sect and New Sect. Each group has a founder & its own doctrines.
Folk- Practiced more by commoners; inseparable from the Jinja Shinto.
Jinja- means shrine; refers to Shinto who worship in shrines, as a community of locals or kin, and perform
their activities or rites together; known as the core of Shintoism.
"Shintoism is a Japanese religion that came from the indigenous people of the country. Beginning in the late fourth century B.C., it has no founder or doctrine. The beliefs of this religion center on being one with nature. Members of the Shinto belief worship the kami, who include native deities (including emperors and heroes), spirits of nature, and mythical objects. Shintoism is divided into four main forms: Koshitsu, Shuha, Folk, and Jinja."
conscious life to nature or natural objects.
LAO-TZU - Chinese Sage and older contemporary of Confucius. Credited with authoring the TAO-TE-CHING. "Tradition links the Tao Te Ching to Lao Tzu, sage of the sixth century B.C. It posits a mystical TAO - or WAY - as the source and governor of all being. Man is enjoined to embrace wu-wei, nonaction - letting things happen naturally and responding selflessly to them."
TAO - the "Way", existing before heaven and earth. The Tao does
not control actions; rather it allows them to develop naturally, spontaneously.
The MANY PATHS
Quoted from GREAT RELIGIONS of the World, National Geographic Society, 1971, page 236
IBID, page 168
IBID, page 127
Quoted from WHAT IS A JEW?, Rabbi Morris N. Kertzer, 1978, page 112
Quoted from website: http://www.bridgewater.edu/~dhuffman/soc306/I98grp3/
NIRVANA - the state
of bliss or emptiness
- NO THING -
VEDANTA - A form of Hinduism that recognizes all faiths as paths to God. Swami Vivekananda states:
"Vedanta only preaches the principle, and the method it leaves to you. Take any path you like; follow any prophet you like; but have only that method which suits your own nature so that you will be sure to progress."
RON KARENGA - community
leader and educator created
KWANZAA is a special
celebration from December
26th - January 1st.
the Kwanzaa holiday in 1966 to help African Americans celebrate their heritage.
NGUZO SABA = SEVEN PRINCIPLES (of KWANZAA)